With so many varieties of cabbage available to gardeners, there is always one that suits your taste and garden.
Cabbage Soil need and preperation
Cabbage is best grown in fertile and rich soil. The soil can be prepared by adding 2in layer of compost and mixed in the soil. Soil ph between 6.5 to 7.0 is best for growing cabbages.
Sowing Cabbage seed
There are various cabbage varieties to grow throughout the year. Seed sowing time and planting time is best obtained from the seed catalogue for a particular variety. As a general guide sow the large head cabbages 18 in apart and small heads around 12 inch apart. Spring greens can be sown 6in apart.
Cabbages need even moisture in soil. If soil is completely dried out and after that heavy water goes in soil, the cabbage heads tends to split. So if the soil dries out near cabbage plant, apply water slowly and with some time intervals. A thin layer of mulching can help soil from completely drying out, however the mulch should not touch the cabbage heads.
Remove weeds periodically and apply some compost around cabbage and work it in the soil by light digging in that area.
Cabbage Common Problems
Club root or Cabbage root fly attack
The first symptom of this disease is plants wilt in hot weather. Affected plants have swollen roots and must be destroyed. To prevent cabbage from club root, cover the plants with fleece or underlay cabbage collar discs around base of plant after transplanting. Crop rotation and keeping ph between 6.5 to 7.0 helps to prevent club root problem.
Spray the plant with stream of water, remove badly affected leaves, apply insecticidal soap solution.
Flea beetles attack young plants and make small holes in leaves. To prevent from this cover the young plants with fleece.
Cabbage caterpillars make large holes in cabbage and can convert a cabbage to mere net of veins. Cover plants with fleece to prevent from white cabbage fly attacks.
Morning is best time to harvest Cabbage heads, as their flavour is best at that time. If several cabbage heads are ready to harvest, delay harvesting of some of them by breaking a part of roots. it can be done either by twisting the cabbage head by a quarter or plunging shovel on soil on one side of the head.
Leave the remaining plant after harvesting to enable side shoots. Cut all side shoots except one to get a bigger size side shoot.
End of season care
Remove the plants at the end of season. leving plant on ground may cause spread of diseases.