Advantages of crop rotation

The few perennial vegetables and a number of herbs require a permanent position but most vegetables and some herbs are grown as annuals. Those of a similar type have similar requirements of the soil and therefore need to be grown…

Vegetable fertilizers

Fertilizers are used to supply extra nutrients to growing plants when needed. They are applied in two ways, either before planting or sowing as a base dressing, which is raked or forked into the soil, or as a top dressing,…

Vegetable garden mulching

Mulching is adding a layer of material on top of the soil to stop the soil from drying out. It can also have a number of other benefits, including warming up the soil, but these depend on what material is…

Dig vegetable garden

In most years it is only necessary to dig the soil, or fork it, to the depth of a spade blade. However, every three to four years it is a good idea to dig more deeply. This stops a compressed…

Mushroom composting

Mushroom compost is a dark, crumbly material. It is the growing medium for commercially cultivated mushrooms, which having been used once is discarded because mushrooms are extremely vulnerable to soil-borne diseases and each crop is grown on fresh, sterilized compost.…

Making leaf mould compost

Autumn leaves take a long time to rot down but are well worth collecting and making into leaf mould. In a dry, shady area make a simple frame from four posts pushed into the ground and with wire- netting stretched…